Hazards. Osier is a French term for a type of willow used for basketry. People use American dogwood for headaches, wounds, fever, ongoing diarrhea, and other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses. Dogwood is a native American, our most showy deciduous tree, growing to 30 feet high; the bark is brown and rough, the leaves opposite, ovate, pointed, and darker green above than beneath. Red-osier dogwood is a large erect shrub best suited where the background, such as evergreens, will show off the dark red winter stems. Preparation: Pliable, freshly-cut twigs are used for wreathes. Red-twig dogwood tolerates a range of soil conditions, including wet and dry sites, and is also air pollution tolerant. Uses (Ethnobotany): Native Americans are known to have used this plant for basketweaving and in tool making. Kinnikinnick is a Native American and First Nations herbal smoking mixture, made from a traditional combination of leaves or barks. [Schofield] "The fruit can cause nausea[172]." It is a host plant for the lovely Spring Azure Butterfly. This species was formerly known as Cornus stolonifera. Red-Twig Dogwood Cornaceae-Dogwood Family Cornus sericea L. (KOR-nus sir-IH-see-uh) Names: Cornus sericea is synonymous with Cornus stolonifera. Table 3. Natively, it is found in northern Iowa. Uses: Red osier dogwood twigs are used to make wreaths and baskets. Red squirrels, chipmunks and raccoons include red osier dogwood in their diets, while snowshoe hare and beaver browse the twigs in winter. Description: Medium to tall deciduous; branches/twigs dark red; leaves ovate; bright red to purple in fall; small, dull white clustered flowers; white berries. Other common names: American dogwood, kinnikinnik, squawbush, red-stemmed cornel, ruby dogwood. Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Species: Cornus sericea L. – redosier dogwood Subordinate Taxa. Email: youremail@site.com Phone: +1 408 996 1010 Fax: +1 408 996 1010 Cornus Sericea (Stolonifera) Mostly known as Red Osier Willow, Dogwood or Arte Rouge (red middle) in french . American dogwood is a plant. It was also used as food. At certain stages of development, a couple plants in particular appear the closest of all to Elderberry: the Silky Dogwood (cornus amomum) and the Redosier (Red Osier) Dogwood (cornus sericea). Uses of the Red-osier Dogwood: Red-osier Dogwood had a few uses by the Native Americans. (just give you a minute to suck that information in). .. The “osier” in red-osier is French, meaning willow-like, and it is frequently called red willow or redstem dogwood due to its conspicuous red stems. Parts of the plant were used by native tribes to produce black, red, and khacki dyes. The flexible branches were used in … People use American dogwood for headaches, fatigue, fever, and ongoing diarrhea. American dogwood is still used today as medicine, but not very often. Historically, American dogwood was sometimes used for treating malaria instead of the drug quinine. I uncovered this as I was compiling a list of Tobacco additives and Substitutes for my "Sundry Naturals" article. Sericea means covered […] Native Americans used redosier extensively in their pharmacopia, clothing, and basket-weaving. Its powdered bark was made into toothpaste and the root bark provided a scarlet dye. OTHER: The Red Twig Dogwood is a shrub native to North American. C. stolonifera, Swida sericea, red osier or red-osier dogwood, is a species of flowering plant in the family Cornaceae, native throughout northern and western North America from Alaska east to Newfoundland, south to Durango and Nuevo León in the west, and Illinois and Virginia in the east. Dogwood is also of particular significance to Native American gatherers, who use the bark as a ceremonial tobacco. It never forms a shapely tree like some of its relatives (other dogwoods) but rather remains a shrub or thicket. On the west coast, native tribes made tea from the bark for medicinal purposes. Smoking Mixture: Red Willow can be smoked by itself or blended with tobacco and other herbs like bearberry, osha, and sumac. nevadensis Jepson and Cornus stolonifera Michaux (Hickman 1993). 48 Park Avenue, East 21st Street, Apt. Contact Info. Aroma: Sweet and woodsy. The statement that really caught my eye about Red Osier Dogwood is that it was smoked by the Native Americans to produce effects similiar to Opium.. . Cornus sericea. Habitat: Native throughout northern & western N. American; damp soil; dense thickets. It is also the best time to harvest it Habitat: Grows on moist low lying areas. Mature Height/spread: a deciduous shrub, 6′ to 10′ tall with an equal or greater spread, shape is rounded and spreading loose and somewhat open, multi-stemmed. Birds love to eat the white-blueish berries In summer. This is a multi-stemmed shrub with growth to 6ft’, usually less and can be held at any height with pruning. Bright stems in the snow! They are fast growing, & very ornamental with year round interest. Store Address. Native American Dogwood Mythology Dogwoods are symbols of protection and safety in southeastern Native American tribes. The twigs were used for all sorts of functions including salmon spreaders and medicinal uses. Classification: Although it assumes the Willow name, the bark is actually that of the Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus stolonifera). . People make medicine from the bark. You may know it by one of its many other names: Red osier dogwood, Red willow, Red stem dogwood, Red twig dogwood, Red-rood, American dogwood, Creek dogwood, and Western dogwood. The red-osier dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) is also known as American dogwood, red willow, and redstem dogwood. Rapidly-growing, adaptable to most soils including wet soils, it features spectacular decorative features : stunning fall color, attractive berries, vibrant red or golden stems and sometimes a lovely variegated summer foliage. Adding a pop of vibrant color in the snowy, dull months of winter, Cornus sericea (Red Osier Dogwood) is a medium-sized ornamental shrub with incredible appeal. Aboriginal people also used red osier dogwood: the bark was smoked in pipes or used to make red dye and the branches were used to make baskets. They have the widest range of all native Dogwood species. It has sometimes been considered a synonym of the Asian species Cornus alba. occidentalis (Torr. Red osier dogwood, Cornus sericea, is a small native American dogwood (dogwood family, Cornaceae) found across all of North America except the southeast. Bark readily peels off of dried stems and must be further dried before use. Ten plant species with the largest number of medicinal uses. Red willow gets its name following its colour in winter time, making a beautiful touch in the landscape. sericea; Cornus stolonifera var. The beautiful slender red stems are used for basket weaving by Native American tribes. The spring flowers are small but clustering & fragrant, & are enjoyed by bees & butterflies. Cornus sericea, syn. Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (COSE16) Native Plants Network (COSE16) USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (COSE16) MEDICINAL USES: Analgesic, Astringent, Febrifuge, Miscellany, Poultice, Purgative, Skin, Stimulant, Tonic, Red osier dogwood was widely employed by several native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its astringent and tonic bark, using it both internally and externally to treat diarrhea, fevers, skin problems etc.. Uses Ethnobotanic: Native … Plant, count Artemisia ludoviciana (White sage), 242 Achillea millefolium (Yarrow), 257 Acorus calamus (Calamus), 259 Rumex crispus (Curly dock), 150 Artemisia tridentata (Sagebrush), 250 Mentha arvensis (Wild mint), 234 Sambucus nigra (Black elderberry), 303 Cornus sericea (Red osier dogwood), 200 Red twig dogwood is a deciduous loose-spreading shrub, growing 6-12 ft. tall, with smooth, dark red, shiny bark. The spirit of Willow is one to discover! Home / Native / CORNUS SERICEA (Red Twig Osier Dogwood) CORNUS SERICEA (Red Twig Osier Dogwood) $ 12.98 – $ 48.50. (72-120” tall x 72-120” wide) Bailey's Red Twig Dogwood, also known as Red Osier Dogwood, is an extremely hardy and versatile native shrub. Areas of Usage: One of the most useful native shrubs for landscaping purposes, red osier dogwood is attractive throughout the year. The red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea/stolonifera) is native to eastern North America, but does not occur naturally as far south as South Carolina. A deciduous large shrub, the silky dogwood (Cornus amomum) is loved for its white bracts in late spring and colorful orange, red and purple fall … Cornus means horn or antler, or “the ornamental knobs at the end of the cylinder on which ancient manuscripts were rolled”—which may refer to the hard wood or the knobby-looking inflorescence of some dogwoods. Baskets from the Columbia River region often feature red stripes of dogwood … Besides attractive, red stems in the winter, red-osier dogwood has yellowish-white flowers that appear in late May to early June and bluish-white fruit borne in late summer. Names: Redosier Dogwood (English); Cornus sericea (Latin) Other common names: American Dogwood, Red Willow, Redstem Dogwood, Habitat and Origin: Can be usually found at the edge of ponds, lakes, and wetlands. 304 London NY 10016. A subspecies, Cornus sericia spp. American dogwood, red willow, redstem dogwood, Cornus sericea ssp. Red osier dogwood is a quintissential North American native, inhabiting wetlands and other moist soils in dense thickets from Alaska to Newfoundland, south to California, Illinois, and West Virginia [2]. Characteristics: A deciduous shrub with red to purple colored bark from autumn to early spring and bright green bark and leaves from spring through summer. Flowering dogwood, in particular, proved suitable for making bowls, pipes, mallets, golf clubs, and tool handles. Its range covers much of North America, except the southeastern U.S. and the far north. Field Notes: Popular ornamental shrub often planted for red coloring of stems in dormant season [PFAF] Purgative: Use only DRIED bark of C. stolonifera; the fresh shrub bark can be quite purgative to the intestinal tract.The white fruits of American dogwood are not recommended for internal use as they can cause toxic reactions. 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